Energy-Efficient MAC Units for Fused Posit Arithmetic

Posit arithmetic is an alternative format to the standard IEEE 754 for floating-point numbers that claims to provide compelling advantages over floats, including higher accuracy, larger dynamic range, or bitwise compatibility across systems. The interest in the design of arithmetic units for this novel format has increased in the last few years. However, while multiple designs for posit adder and multiplier have been developed recently in the literature, fused units for posit arithmetic are still in the early stages of research. Moreover, due to the large size of accumulators needed in fused operations, the few fused posit units proposed so far still require many hardware resources. In order to contribute to the development of the posit number format, and facilitate its use in applications such as deep learning, this paper presents several designs of energy-efficient posit multiply- accumulate (MAC) units with support for standard quire format. Concretely, the proposed designs are capable of computing fused dot products of large vectors without accuracy drop, while consuming less energy than previous implementations. Experiments show that, compared to previous implementations, the proposed designs consume up to 75.49%, 88.45% and 83.43% less energy and are 73.18%, 87.36% and 83.00% faster for 8, 16 and 32 bitwidths, with an additional area of only 4.97%, 7.44% and 4.24%, respectively.

R. Murillo, D. Mallasén, A. A. Del Barrio, and G. Botella, “Energy-Efficient MAC Units for Fused Posit Arithmetic,” in 2021 IEEE 39th International Conference on Computer Design (ICCD), Oct. 2021, pp. 138–145. doi: 10.1109/ICCD53106.2021.00032.
  title = {Energy-{{Efficient MAC Units}} for {{Fused Posit Arithmetic}}},
  booktitle = {2021 {{IEEE}} 39th {{International Conference}} on {{Computer Design}} ({{ICCD}})},
  author = {Murillo, Raul and Mallas{\'e}n, David and Del Barrio, Alberto A. and Botella, Guillermo},
  year = {2021},
  month = oct,
  pages = {138--145},
  issn = {2576-6996},
  doi = {10.1109/ICCD53106.2021.00032}